Boudhanath Stupa, Kathmandu Nepal

Boudhanath Stupa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the center of Kathmandu. This majestic structure has been around for centuries and is regarded as a symbol of peace and goodwill. It is also seen as a source of hope for people from all corners of the globe. Boudhanath Stupa, Nepal's biggest stupa is thought to have been built in the 14th century.


With a diameter exceeding 100 meters, Boudhanath is among the largest stupa in the world and the biggest in Nepal.

History of the Boudhanath Stupa

The Boudhanath stupa is one of the largest and most famous Buddhist stupas in Nepal. It is also one of the holiest sites for Tibetan Buddhists. The stupa is located in Kathmandu, Nepal, about 11 km from the center and northeastern outskirts of Kathmandu, Boudhanath Stupa is one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal. The stupa was built in the 5th century AD by King Manadeva, since then Boudhanath stupa become one of the most important centers of Buddhism and it was renovated several times over the centuries. The last major renovation was completed in 2010.

The word "stupa" means "mound" or "heap" in Sanskrit, and it is a type of Buddhist monument that contains relics of the Buddha or his disciples. Stupas were originally built to mark the site of Buddha's enlightenment or cremation, but they have since become important pilgrimage sites for Buddhists all over the world.


The Boudhanath stupa is an iconic symbol of Tibetan Buddhism and Nepali culture. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Nepal, and it attracts both Buddhist pilgrims and secular tourists from all over the world.

Exploring Boudhanath Stupa

The stupa has a diameter of 118 feet and is surrounded by a ring of 108 small stupas. 

Boudhanath Stupa is closely associated with the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara (Padmapani), whose 108 forms are depicted in sculptures around the base. The mantra of Avalokiteshvara – Om Mani Padme Hum – is carved on the prayer wheels beside the images of Avalokiteshvara around the base of the stupa.

Boudhanath View From Top
Stupa View

The central dome of the stupa is decorated with images of the Buddha, and the four corners of the stupa are adorned with statues of the Buddhist deities.

Boudhanath is topped with a square tower bearing the omnipresent Buddha eyes on all four sides. Above this is the third eye, symbolizing the wisdom of the Buddha.

The prayer flags tied to the stupa carry mantras and prayers into the Universe, whilst fluttering in the wind. Traditionally, prayer flags come in sets of five, one in each of five colors. The five colors represent the elements and the Five Pure Lights.

All these symbols put together as well as their recurrence make the Boudhanath Stupa a meta-symbolic construction with distinct levels of suggestion, sagacity, and profoundness.

Monks, worshipers, and locals circumambulate the Stupa clockwise whilst praying and chanting.


It is believed when you go clockwise, you align with the natural force. 

Saffron water is used for the decorative lotus petal pattern. A skilled worker is throwing the water in a bow, so when it lands on the stupa it creates a round shape.

Significance of the Boudhanath Stupa

The Boudhanath Stupa is an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists. It is also a popular tourist destination. The stupa was built in the 5th century and is one of the largest in Nepal. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Boudhanath stupa is a symbol of peace and harmony. It is a place where people from all over the world come to meditate and pray. The stupa is also a reminder of the Buddha's teaching of compassion and love.

Prayers Wheels

How to Visit the Boudhanath Stupa

To visit the Boudhanath stupa, you will need to purchase a ticket at the entrance. Once you have your ticket, you can enter the stupa grounds and begin exploring. There are many different levels to the stupa, each with its own unique view. Be sure to take your time and enjoy all that the Boudhanath stupa has to offer!

Entrance fee for Boudhanath Stupa

The entrance fee is 400 NPR for foreigners and 100 NPR for SAARC nationals. All major entrances leading to the Stupa have ticket counters.

Tips for Visiting the Boudhanath Stupa

When visiting the Boudhanath Stupa, it is important to be respectful of the religious site. Here are some tips to make sure you have a positive and respectful experience:

-Dress conservatively. This means covering your shoulders and knees.
-Be quiet and avoid disruptive behavior.
-Don't touch or climb on the stupa.
-Respect the monks and nuns who live at the stupa.

By following these simple guidelines, you can make sure that you have a positive and respectful experience when visiting the Boudhanath Stupa.


The UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Boudhanath Stupa in Kathmandu Nepal is a remarkable testament to the history and culture of this amazing country. It stands as a reminder of the incredible architecture, faith, and commitment that have helped to shape Nepal for centuries. Visiting this site can be an experience like no other; its beauty and significance are something you will never forget. Whether you are looking for spiritual guidance or just want to witness one of the world’s most impressive historical sites, make sure not to miss out on visiting the Boudhanath Stupa while in Kathmandu.